A student-run resource for reliable reports on the latest law and technology news
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Aereo Struggles as Supreme Court Finds It Violated Copyright Law
By Jenny Choi – Edited by Sarah O’Loughlin

On June 25, 2014, in its 6-3 decision, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled against Aereo, Inc.  The U.S. Supreme Court held that Aereo violated the Copyright Act of 1976 for streaming TV shows shortly after they were broadcast without paying for the copyrighted works.  As a result, Aereo suspended its service and has struggled to find a way to re-operate its business. This decision has not come without criticism, however, as some warn this ad hoc decision could lead to uncertainty in the courts.

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DRIP Bill Expands UK’s Data Surveillance Power

By Yixuan Long – Edited by Insue Kim

House of Lords passed the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill (“DRIP”) on July 17, 2014. DRIP empowers the UK government to require all companies providing internet-based services to UK customers to retain customer metadata for 12 months. It also expands the government’s ability to directly intercept phone calls and digital communications from any remote storage. Critics claim the bill goes far beyond what is necessary and its fast-track timeframe prevents meaningful discussion.

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Federal Circuit Grants Stay of Patent Infringement Litigation Until PTAB Can Complete a Post-Grant Review

By Kyle Pietari – Edited by Insue Kim

Reversing the district court’s decision, the Federal Circuit granted a stay of patent infringement litigation proceedings until the PTAB can complete a post-grant patent validity review. This was the court’s first ruling on a stay when the suit and review process were happening concurrently.

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Ninth Circuit Rejects Fox’s Request to Shut Down Dish Services, Despite Aereo Decision

By Sheri Pan – Edited by Insue Kim

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the district court’s denial of Fox’s motion for a preliminary injunction.  Fox argued that the technologies would irreparably harm Fox because they violate copyright laws, but the Ninth Circuit ruled that the district court did not err in finding that the harm alleged by Fox was speculative, noting that Fox had failed to present evidence documenting such harm.

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Flash Digest: News in Brief

By Patrick Gutierrez

Senate passes bill to make cell phone unlocking legal

ABA urges lawyers to stop pursuing file sharing lawsuits

FBI cautions that driverless cars may be used to assist criminal behavior

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Department of Justice White Paper
By Mary Grinman – Edited by Laura Fishwick

Photo By: Cliff - CC BY 2.0

Photo By: CliffCC BY 2.0

Lawfulness of a Lethal Operation Directed Against a U.S. Citizen Who Is a Senior Operational Leader of Al-Qa’ida or an Associated Force (hosted by NBCNews)

On Monday, February 4, NBC made public an unsigned and undated Department of Justice (“DOJ”) White Paper, which concludes that the United States can lawfully use lethal force in a foreign country against a senior operational leader of al-Qa’ida or an associated force who is a U.S. citizen if the following three conditions are met: First, the individual must “pose[] an imminent threat of violent attack  against the United States.” Second, capture must not be possible. Third, any U.S. action must be consistent with the law of war. Lawfulness of a Lethal Operation Directed Against a U.S. Citizen Who Is a Senior Operational Leader of Al-Qa’ida or an Associated Force [hereinafter “White Paper”], at 1. While the White Paper presents legal analysis separated from any factual scenario, it resembles the legal justification advanced for the 2011 drone strike against Anwar al-Awlaki and could be the basis for future drone attacks.

The New York Times summarizes the DOJ’s argument and describes its current political environment. Wired criticizes the legal rationales behind the document’s conclusions. Lawfare comes down against the media hype generated by the document, and suggests that it is only a more fleshed out version of Attorney General Eric Holder’s speech at Northwestern University last March. (more…)

Posted On Feb - 12 - 2013 Comments Off READ FULL POST

By Pio Szamel

En Banc Federal Circuit Hears Arguments on Scope of Software Patents

Flash DigestOn Friday, February 8, the en banc Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit heard arguments in CLS Bank v. Alice Corp., in which the court will consider when patent claims with software elements should be rejected as unpatentable “abstract ideas.” Patently-O discusses the different rules proposed by the parties and the government, while Techdirt relays one audience member’s opinion that based on the argument it could be “a 5 judge to 5 judge tie,” in which case the district court opinion finding the patents invalid would be upheld. JOLT Digest reported on the original, now vacated Federal Circuit decision back in July.

Economists at St. Louis Fed Publish Paper Arguing Patents Should Be Abolished

Economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis advocate for the abolition of the patent system in a newly-published paper in the Journal of Economic Perspectives, reports The Huffington Post. The authors, Michele Boldrin and David K. Levine, argue that first-mover advantages and competitive pressures motivate most innovation, while a strong patent system discourages downstream innovation, imposes steep transaction costs, and enables rent-seeking. Boldrin and Levine acknowledge that a much-weaker patent system may be net-beneficial, but point out that incentives faced by key actors such as patent holders, lawyers, and the Patent Office ensure that as long as patents exist, the system will get ever more restrictive.

3D-Printed 30-Round Magazine Unveiled, Named After Andrew Cuomo

Three-dimensional printing and gun enthusiast project Defense Distributed has unveiled a 30-round 3D-printed magazine with a new design that can go through hundreds of rounds without jamming. The new magazine has been named the “Cuomo,” after New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, and in an interview with Talking Points Memo the group’s founder indicated it was intended as a response to the new New York law limiting magazine sizes passed in wake of the massacre in Newtown, Conn. Wired reports on the improvements the soon-to-be-freely-available design makes over previous attempts at 3D-printed magazines.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted On Feb - 11 - 2013 Comments Off READ FULL POST

Dear Readers,

As JOLT goes into the holidays, we’d like to ask you to take a few minutes and fill out our readership survey. You may have noticed our recent makeover, and we’re hoping to make other changes in response to reader feedback. Here’s your chance to weigh in.

Thanks!
Digest Staff

Posted On Dec - 17 - 2012 Comments Off READ FULL POST

Fox Group, Inc. v. Cree, Inc.
By Dorothy Du – Edited by Suzanne Van Arsdale

Fox Group, Inc. v. Cree, Inc., No. 2011-1576 (Fed. Cir. Nov. 28, 2012)
Slip Opinion

The Federal Circuit affirmed in part and vacated in part the Eastern District of Virginia, which had granted defendant Cree’s motion for summary judgment on the invalidity of Fox Group’s (“Fox”) entire patent on low defect single crystal silicon carbide.

The Federal Circuit held that because Cree had proved by clear and convincing evidence that it was the prior inventor of the patent and Fox had failed to produce sufficient evidence to raise a triable issue on whether Cree abandoned, suppressed, or concealed the invention, claims 1 and 19 of U.S. Patent No. 6,562,130 (“’130 patent”) were invalid under 35 U.S.C. § 102(g)(2). However, because there was no justiciable case or controversy to support Cree’s counterclaim on the invalidity of the rest of Fox’s patent, the court vacated the district court with respect to that portion of its holding.

Patently-O presents the background and key holdings of the case. Photonics Patent Blog suspects that the case would have come out the same way under the AIA’s “first to file” rule, which kicks in on March 16, 2013.

(more…)

Posted On Dec - 11 - 2012 Comments Off READ FULL POST

Cellco P’ship v. FCC
By Kathleen McGuinness – Edited by Charlie Stiernberg

Cellco P’ship v. FCC, No. 11-1135, 2012 WL 6013416 (D.C. Cir. Dec. 4, 2012)
Slip Opinion (hosted by Public Knowledge)

The Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit rejected a facial challenge to the Federal Communications Commission’s (“FCC”) new rule requiring “providers of commercial mobile-data services to offer data roaming agreements to other such providers on commercially reasonable terms.”  Cellco P’ship v. FCC, No. 11-1135, slip op. at 8.Noting the differences between the existing voice roaming requirement and the new data rule, the court held that the FCC had statutory authority to regulate data roaming, and that the flexibility of the new requirement does not amount to the imposition of common carrier requirements. However, the court left open the possibility for future as-applied challenges if the policy becomes a de facto common carrier rule.

Ars Technica provides a brief discussion of the case. Public Knowledge discusses the court’s reasoning and the implications for future litigation over the FCC’s Open Internet rules. Bloomberg lists many of the affected carriers.

(more…)

Posted On Dec - 10 - 2012 Comments Off READ FULL POST
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Aereo Struggles as S

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