Federal Appeals Court Weighs NSA’s Surveillance Program
A three-judge panel on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit on Tuesday heard arguments over whether the National Security Agency’s surveillance of millions of Americans’ phone records violates the Constitution’s protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. The panel questioned whether the program, which is conducted under the Patriot Act, is an invasion of privacy if the NSA merely collects the data without using it. Arguing against the NSA program, attorney Larry Klayman argued that the program represents “possibly the biggest violation of freedom in constitutional history.” Klayman won the first ruling last December when U.S. District Judge Richard Leon, ruled that the NSA’s surveillance program “almost certainly” violates the Constitution.
Argentine Supreme Court Rules on Liability of Internet Intermediaries
The Argentine Supreme Court in R.M.B. c/Google y ot. s/ Ds y Ps (Fallo R.522.XLIX) issued a ruling largely favorable to search engines on whether internet intermediaries, in this case Google and Yahoo, are liable for linking in search results to third-party content that violates fundamental rights or infringes on copyright. At the end of October, the Court established that intermediaries would only be liable for not removing third-party infringing content after being notified by a court of its illegality and the affected party. In this case, the plaintiff did not notify Google and Yahoo prior to the lawsuit. The Court also ruled that search engines are not required to proactively monitor search engines to permanently block links to infringing content.
3D Printed Plastic Guns Withstand New Ammunition Design
Michael Crumling, a 25-year old amateur gunsmith from Pennsylvania, developed a new type of ammunition designed specifically for a 3D printed plastic gun. Typically, the plastic cannot hold up after multiple shots of an exploding metal bullet. However, Crumling constructed a thicker steel shell to house the lead bullet inside. The shell acts as a buffer between the exploding round’s gunpowder and the plastic of the gun by absorbing much of the impact. The U.S. Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms has stressed the unreliability and danger of 3-D printed weapons. Selling your own manufactured ammunition in the United States requires a Federal Firearms License. Crumling has no plans to sell the ammunition but is sharing his ammunition designs online.